PROVE IT-TIMI 22

PROVE IT-TIMI 22 compared the efficacy of atorvastatin vs. pravastatin and the clinical efficacy of the antibiotic gatifloxacin vs. placebo in a 2 x 2 factorial design among patients presenting with unstable angina or non-Q-wave myocardial infarction.

MAIN RESULTS:
Intensive versus moderate lipid lowering with statins after acute coronary syndromes
PROVE IT-TIMI 22
N Engl J Med. 2004 Apr 8;350(15):1495-504.

PRESENTATIONS

TIMI 22 Slides

PUBLICATIONS

Design of the Pravastatin or Atorvastatin Evaluation and Infection Therapy (PROVE IT)-TIMI 22 trial.Am J Cardiol. 2002 Apr 1;89(7):860-1. 

PROVE-IT TIMI 22 Study: potential effects on critical pathways for acute coronary syndrome. Crit Pathw Cardiol. 2003 Sep;2(3):188-96

The next step in cardiovascular protection. Atheroscler Suppl. 2003 Dec;4(5):3-9.

C-reactive protein levels and outcomes after statin therapy. N Engl J Med. 2005 Jan 6;352(1):20-8.

Antibiotic treatment of Chlamydia pneumoniae after acute coronary syndrome. N Engl J Med. 2005 Apr 21;352(16):1646-54.

Relative efficacy of atorvastatin 80 mg and pravastatin 40 mg in achieving the dual goals of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol <70 mg/dl and C-reactive protein <2 mg/l: an analysis of the PROVE-IT TIMI-22 trial. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005 May 17;45(10):1644-8.

Comparison of the effects of pravastatin and atorvastatin on fracture incidence in the PROVE IT-TIMI 22 trial–secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial. Bone. 2005 Aug;37(2):190-1.

Early time to benefit with intensive statin treatment: could it be the pleiotropic effects? Am J Cardiol. 2005 Sep 5;96(5A):54F-60F.

The potential relevance of the multiple lipid-independent (pleiotropic) effects of statins in the management of acute coronary syndromes. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005 Oct 18;46(8):1425-33.

Relationship between uncontrolled risk factors and C-reactive protein levels in patients receiving standard or intensive statin therapy for acute coronary syndromes in the PROVE IT-TIMI 22 trial. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005 Oct 18;46(8):1417-24.

Early and late benefits of high-dose atorvastatin in patients with acute coronary syndromes: results from the PROVE IT-TIMI 22 trial. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005 Oct 18;46(8):1405-10.

Can low-density lipoprotein be too low? The safety and efficacy of achieving very low low-density lipoprotein with intensive statin therapy: a PROVE IT-TIMI 22 substudy. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005 Oct 18;46(8):1411-6.

A tale of two trials: a comparison of the post-acute coronary syndrome lipid-lowering trials A to Z and PROVE IT-TIMI 22. Circulation. 2006 Mar 21;113(11):1406-14.

Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 and its association with cardiovascular outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndromes in the PROVE IT-TIMI 22 (PRavastatin Or atorVastatin Evaluation and Infection Therapy-Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction) trial. Circulation. 2006 Apr 11;113(14):1745-52.

Intensive statin therapy and the risk of hospitalization for heart failure after an acute coronary syndrome in the PROVE IT-TIMI 22 study. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2006 Jun 6;47(11):2326-31.

Meta-analysis of cardiovascular outcomes trials comparing intensive versus moderate statin therapy. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2006 Aug 1;48(3):438-45.

Cholesterol, C-reactive protein, and cerebrovascular events following intensive and moderate statin therapy. J Thromb Thrombolysis. 2006 Aug;22(1):71-6.

Benefits of achieving the NCEP optional LDL-C goal among elderly patients with ACS. Eur Heart J. 2006 Oct;27(19):2310-6.

Relation between soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1, statin therapy, and long-term risk of clinical cardiovascular events in patients with previous acute coronary syndrome (from PROVE IT-TIMI 22). Am J Cardiol. 2006 Oct 1;98(7):861-5.

Acute coronary syndromes and diabetes: Is intensive lipid lowering beneficial? Results of the PROVE IT-TIMI 22 trial. Eur Heart J. 2006 Oct;27(19):2323-9.

The safety and efficacy of achieving very low LDL-cholesterol concentrations with high dose statin therapy. Curr Opin Lipidol. 2006 Dec;17(6):626-30.

Long-term prognostic value of neopterin: a novel marker of monocyte activation in patients with acute coronary syndrome. Circulation. 2007 Jun 19;115(24):3071-8.

Effect of intensive lipid-lowering therapy on mortality after acute coronary syndrome (a patient-level analysis of the Aggrastat to Zocor and Pravastatin or Atorvastatin Evaluation and Infection Therapy-Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 22 trials). Am J Cardiol. 2007 Oct 1;100(7):1047-51.

Myeloid-related protein 8/14 and the risk of cardiovascular death or myocardial infarction after an acute coronary syndrome in the Pravastatin or Atorvastatin Evaluation and Infection Therapy: Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (PROVE IT-TIMI 22) trial. Am Heart J. 2008 Jan;155(1):49-55.

Evaluation of proton pump inhibitor use in patients with acute coronary syndromes based on risk factors for gastrointestinal bleed. Crit Pathw Cardiol. 2007 Dec;6(4):169-72.

Polymorphism in KIF6 gene and benefit from statins after acute coronary syndromes: results from the PROVE IT-TIMI 22 study. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2008 Jan 29;51(4):449-55.

Effect of statin dose on incidence of atrial fibrillation: data from the Pravastatin or Atorvastatin Evaluation and Infection Therapy-Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 22 (PROVE IT-TIMI 22) and Aggrastat to Zocor (A to Z) trials. Am Heart J. 2008 Feb;155(2):298-302.

Impact of triglyceride levels beyond low-density lipoprotein cholesterol after acute coronary syndrome in the PROVE IT-TIMI 22 trial. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2008 Feb 19;51(7):724-30.

High-dose atorvastatin does not negatively influence clinical outcomes among clopidogrel treated acute coronary syndrome patients–a Pravastatin or Atorvastatin Evaluation and Infection Therapy-Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 22 (PROVE IT-TIMI 22) analysis. Am Heart J. 2008 May;155(5):954-8.

Outcomes of patients with acute coronary syndrome and previous coronary artery bypass grafting (from the Pravastatin or Atorvastatin Evaluation and Infection Therapy [PROVE IT-TIMI 22] and the Aggrastat to Zocor [A to Z] trials). Am J Cardiol. 2008 Sep 1;102(5):552-8.

Baseline low-density lipoprotein cholesterol is an important predictor of the benefit of intensive lipid-lowering therapy: a PROVE IT-TIMI 22 (Pravastatin or Atorvastatin Evaluation and Infection Therapy-Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction 22) analysis. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2008 Sep 9;52(11):914-20.

Concentrations of C-reactive protein and B-type natriuretic peptide 30 days after acute coronary syndromes independently predict hospitalization for heart failure and cardiovascular death. Clin Chem. 2009 Feb;55(2):265-73.

Prognostic utility of apoB/AI, total cholesterol/HDL, non-HDL cholesterol, or hs-CRP as predictors of clinical risk in patients receiving statin therapy after acute coronary syndromes: results from PROVE IT-TIMI 22. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2009 Mar;29(3):424-30.

Seasonal variation in lipids in patients following acute coronary syndrome on fixed doses of Pravastatin (40 mg) or Atorvastatin (80 mg) (from the Pravastatin or Atorvastatin Evaluation and Infection Therapy-Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction 22 [PROVE IT-TIMI 22] Study). Am J Cardiol. 2009 Apr 15;103(8):1056-60.

Identification of genetic variants associated with response to statin therapy. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2009 Sep;29(9):1310-5.

Effect of intensive statin therapy on clinical outcomes among patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention for acute coronary syndrome. PCI-PROVE IT: A PROVE IT-TIMI 22 (Pravastatin or Atorvastatin Evaluation and Infection Therapy-Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction 22) Substudy. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2009 Dec 8;54(24):2290-5.

Reduction in recurrent cardiovascular events with intensive lipid-lowering statin therapy compared with moderate lipid-lowering statin therapy after acute coronary syndromes from the PROVE IT-TIMI 22 (Pravastatin or Atorvastatin Evaluation and Infection Therapy-Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction 22) trial. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2009 Dec 15;54(25):2358-62.

Distribution of traditional and novel risk factors and their relation to subsequent cardiovascular events in patients with acute coronary syndromes (from the PROVE IT-TIMI 22 trial). Am J Cardiol. 2010 Mar 1;105(5):619-23.

Association between percutaneous coronary intervention and long-term C-reactive protein levels in patients with acute coronary syndromes. J Thromb Thrombolysis. 2010 Jul;30(1):10-3.

On-statin cholesteryl ester transfer protein mass and risk of recurrent coronary events (from the pravastatin or atorvastatin evaluation and infection therapy-thrombolysis in myocardial infarction 22 [PROVE IT-TIMI 22] study). Am J Cardiol. 2010 Aug 15;106(4):451-6.

Office-based global cardiometabolic risk assessment: a simple tool incorporating nontraditional markers. Crit Pathw Cardiol. 2010 Sep;9(3):156-9.

Genetic variants in the KIF6 region and coronary event reduction from statin therapy. Hum Genet.
2011 Jan;129(1):17-23.

Growth differentiation factor-15 and risk of recurrent events in patients stabilized after acute coronary syndrome: observations from PROVE IT-TIMI 22. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2011 Jan;31(1):203-10.

What is the optimal blood pressure in patients after acute coronary syndromes?: Relationship of blood pressure and cardiovascular events in the PRavastatin OR atorVastatin Evaluation and Infection Therapy-Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (PROVE IT-TIMI) 22 trial. Circulation. 2010 Nov 23;122(21):2142-51.

Prognostic utility of neopterin and risk of heart failure hospitalization after an acute coronary syndrome. Eur Heart J. 2011 Jun;32(11):1390-7.

Benefit of intensive statin therapy in women: results from PROVE IT-TIMI 22. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2011 May 1; 4(3): 328–336.

Assessment of adiponectin and the risk of recurrent cardiovascular events in patients presenting with an acute coronary syndrome: observations from the Pravastatin Or atorVastatin Evaluation and Infection Trial-Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 22 (PROVE IT-TIMI 22). Am Heart J. 2011 Jun;161(6):1147-55.e1.

Risk of incident diabetes with intensive-dose compared with moderate-dose statin therapy: a meta-analysis. JAMA. 2011 Jun 22;305(24):2556-64.

Creating controversy where none exists: the important role of C-reactive protein in the CARE, AFCAPS/TexCAPS, PROVE IT, REVERSAL, A to Z, JUPITER, HEART PROTECTION, and ASCOT trials. Eur Heart J. 2012 Feb;33(4):430-2.

Galectin-3 and the development of heart failure after acute coronary syndrome: pilot experience from PROVE IT-TIMI 22. Clin Chem. 2012 Jan;58(1):267-73.

Elevated concentration of placental growth factor (PlGF) and long term risk in patients with acute coronary syndrome in the PROVE IT-TIMI 22 trial. J Thromb Thrombolysis. 2012 Aug;34(2):222-8.

Prognostic Performance of Srial High Sensitivity Cardiac Troponin Determination in Stable Ischemic Heart Disease: Analysis from PROVE IT-TIMI 22. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013 Mar, 61 (10_Supplement) E1147.

Urinary albumin concentration and long-term cardiovascular risk in acute coronary syndrome patients: a PROVE IT-TIMI 22 substudy. J Thromb Thrombolysis. 2013 Oct;36(3):233-9.

Lipoprotein (a) For Risk Assessment in Patients with Established Coronary Artery Disease. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014 Feb 18;63(6):520-7.

The Incidence of Kidney Injury for Patients Treated With a High-Potency Versus Moderate-Potency Statin Regimen After an Acute Coronary Syndrome. J Am Heart Assoc. 2014 May 1;3(3):e000784.

Genetic risk, coronary heart disease events, and the clinical benefit of statin therapy: an analysis of primary and secondary prevention trials. Lancet. 2015 Jun 6; 385(9984): 2264–2271.

On-Statin Resistin, Leptin, and Risk of Recurrent Coronary Events After Hospitalization for an Acute Coronary Syndrome (from the Pravastatin or Atorvastatin Evaluation and Infection Therapy-Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 22 Study). Am J Cardiol. 2015 Sep 1;116(5):694-8.

Serial Cardiac Troponin Measured Using a High-Sensitivity Assay in Stable Patients With Ischemic Heart Disease. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2016 Jul 19;68(3):322-323.

Benefit of High-Dose Atorvastatin in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndromes After Recent Influenza-like Illness: Results From the PROVE IT-TIMI 22 Trial. Circulation. 2013; Volume 128, Issue 22 Supplement.

Determination of Cardiac Troponin with a Single-Molecule High-Sensitivity Assay and Outcomes in Patients with Stable Coronary Artery Disease: Analysis from PROVE IT-TIMI 22. November 20, 2012 – Volume 126, Issue suppl_21.

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