ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48

The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the safety and efficacy profile, in two different dose regimens of DU-176b, (an investigational new drug being tested for the prevention of stroke/systemic embolic events (SEE)), in individuals with atrial fibrillation. Patients were randomized to one of three treatment groups: High Dose Regimen, Low Dose Regimen, & Warfarin.

MAIN RESULTS:
Edoxaban versus warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation
ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48
N Engl J Med. 2013 Nov 28;369(22):2093-104.

PRESENTATIONS

TIMI 48 Slides
Biomarkers for the Assessment of Stroke-Systemic Embolism and Bleeding Risk in Patients with AF in ENGAGE (Berg AHA 2018)
HF Hospitalization and Mortality in Non-Valvular AF (Inciardi ESC 2019)
Edoxaban versus Warfarin in Atrial Fibrillation Patients with Low, Mid and High Body Weight in ENGAGE (Boriani ESC 2019)
ENGAGE Genetics (Marston AHA 2019)

PUBLICATIONS

Evaluation of the novel factor Xa inhibitor edoxaban compared with warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation: design and rationale for the Effective aNticoaGulation with factor xA next GEneration in Atrial Fibrillation-Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction study 48 (ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48). Am Heart J. 2010 Oct;160(4):635-41.

Left atrial structure and function in atrial fibrillation: ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48. Eur Heart J. 2014 Jun 7;35(22):1457-65.

Comparison of the efficacy and safety of new oral anticoagulants with warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation: a meta-analysis of randomised trials. Lancet. 2014 Mar 15;383(9921):955-62.

Relationship Between Dose, Anti-Factor Xa Activity, And Outcomes In Patients Randomized To Edoxaban In The ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 Trial. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014 Apr, 63 (12_Supplement) A329.

Cerebrovascular events in 21 105 patients with atrial fibrillation randomized to edoxaban versus warfarin: Effective Anticoagulation with Factor Xa Next Generation in Atrial Fibrillation-Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 48. Stroke. 2014 Aug;45(8):2372-8.

Transition of patients from blinded study drug to open-label anticoagulation: the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 trial. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014 Aug 12;64(6):576-84.

Edoxaban vs. warfarin in vitamin K antagonist experienced and naive patients with atrial fibrillation. Eur Heart J. 2015 Jun 14;36(23):1470-7.

Genetics and the clinical response to warfarin and edoxaban: findings from the randomised, double-blind ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 trial. Lancet. 2015 Jun 6;385(9984):2280-7.

Association between edoxaban dose, concentration, anti-Factor Xa activity, and outcomes: an analysis of data from the randomised, double-blind ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 trial. Lancet. 2015 Jun 6;385(9984):2288-95.

Edoxaban vs. warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation on amiodarone: a subgroup analysis of the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 trial. Eur Heart J. 2015 Sep 1;36(33):2239-45.

Systemic, Non-cerebral, Arterial Embolism in 21,105 Patients with Atrial Fibrillation Randomized to Edoxaban or Warfarin: Results from the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 Trial. Am Heart J. 2015 Oct;170(4):669-74.

Cost-effectiveness of edoxaban vs warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation based on results of the ENGAGE AF–TIMI 48 trial. Am Heart J. 2015 Dec;170(6):1140-50.

Effects of Regional Differences in Asia on Efficacy and Safety of Edoxaban Compared With Warfarin- Insights From the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 Trial. Circ J. 2015;79(12):2560-7.

Edoxaban versus Warfarin in Patients at Increased Risk of Falling – A Subgroup Analysis of the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 Trial. Circulation. November 10, 2015; Vol 132, Issue suppl_3.

Edoxaban versus Warfarin in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation in the US FDA Approval Population: An Analysis From the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 Trial. Am Heart J. 2016 Feb;172:144-51.

Edoxaban vs warfarin in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation in the US Food and Drug Administration approval population: An analysis from the Effective Anticoagulation with Factor Xa Next Generation in Atrial Fibrillation-Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 48 (ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48) trial. Am Heart J. 2016 Feb;172:144-51.

Edoxaban vs. Warfarin in East Asian Patients With Atrial Fibrillation- An ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 Subanalysis. Circ J. 2016;80(4):860-9.

Concomitant Use of Single Antiplatelet Therapy With Edoxaban or Warfarin in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: Analysis From the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 Trial. J Am Heart Assoc. 2016 Feb 23;5(2):e002587.

Mortality in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Randomized to Edoxaban or Warfarin: Insights from the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 Trial. Am J Med. 2016 Aug;129(8):850-857.e2.

Cardioversion of Atrial Fibrillation in ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48. Clin Cardiol. 2016 Jun;39(6):345-6.

Edoxaban Versus Warfarin In 841 Patients With Atrial Fibrillation And Peripheral Arterial Disease: Insights From The ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 Trial. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2016 Apr, 67 (13_Supplement) 2262.

Outcomes In 2824 Patients With Valvular Heart Disease Treated With Edoxaban Or Warfarin. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2016 Apr, 67 (13_Supplement) 2194.

The Prognostic Significance of Cardiac Structure and Function in Atrial Fibrillation: The ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 Echocardiographic Substudy. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2016 Jun; 29(6): 537–544.

Efficacy and Safety of Edoxaban in Elderly Patients With Atrial Fibrillation in the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 Trial. J Am Heart Assoc. 2016 May 20;5(5):e003432.

Efficacy and Safety of Non-Vitamin K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulants After Cardioversion for Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation. Am J Med. 2016 Oct;129(10):1117-1123.e2.

Efficacy and safety of edoxaban compared with warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation and heart failure: insights from ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48. Eur J Heart Fail. 2016 Sep;18(9):1153-61.

The Impact of Renal Function on Outcomes With Edoxaban in the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 Trial. Circulation. 2016 Jul 5;134(1):24-36.

Outcomes With Edoxaban Versus Warfarin in Patients With Previous Cerebrovascular Events: Findings From ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 (Effective Anticoagulation With Factor Xa Next Generation in Atrial Fibrillation-Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 48). Stroke. 2016 Aug;47(8):2075-82.

Sudden Cardiac Death in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: Insights From the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 Trial. J Am Heart Assoc. 2016 Jul 8;5(7):e003735.

Management of Bleeding With Non-Vitamin K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulants in the Era of Specific Reversal Agents. Circulation. 2016 Jul 19;134(3):248-61.

Population Pharmacokinetics of Edoxaban in Patients with Non-Valvular Atrial Fibrillation in the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 Study, a Phase III Clinical Trial. Clin Pharmacokinet. 2016 Sep;55(9):1079-90.

Standard dose versus low dose non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants in Asian patients with atrial fibrillation: A meta-analysis of contemporary randomized controlled trials. Heart Rhythm. 2016 Dec;13(12):2340-2347.

Edoxaban Versus Warfarin in Atrial Fibrillation Patients at Risk of Falling: ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 Analysis. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2016 Sep 13;68(11):1169-1178.

Non-Vitamin K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulants in Atrial Fibrillation. Hematol Oncol Clin North Am. 2016 Oct;30(5):1019-34.

Cardiovascular Biomarker Score and Clinical Outcomes in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: A Subanalysis of the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Cardiol. 2016 Dec 1;1(9):999-1006.

Stroke and Mortality Risk in Patients With Various Patterns of Atrial Fibrillation: Results From the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 Trial (Effective Anticoagulation With Factor Xa Next Generation in Atrial Fibrillation-Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 48). Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2017 Jan;10(1):e004267.

Edoxaban for the Prevention of Thromboembolism in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation and Bioprosthetic Valves. Circulation. March 28, 2017Vol 135, Issue 13.

Outcomes Of Asian Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Compared To Non-Asians In The ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 Trial. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2017 Mar, 69 (11_Supplement) 407.

Association Of Genetic Risk Score With Burden Of Atrial Fibrillation: An ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 Analysis. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2017 Mar, 69 (11_Supplement) 477.

Edoxaban Versus Warfarin In Atrial Fibrillation Ablation: First Experience From The ENGAGE AF TIMI 48 Trial. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2017 Mar, 69 (11_Supplement) 366.

Valvular Heart Disease Patients on Edoxaban or Warfarin in the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 Trial. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2017 Mar 21;69(11):1372-1382.

A novel risk prediction score in atrial fibrillation for a net clinical outcome from the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 randomized clinical trial. Eur Heart J. 2017 Mar 21;38(12):888-896.

Non-Vitamin K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulants in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation and Valvular Heart Disease. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2017 Mar 21;69(11):1363-1371.

Cost-Effectiveness of Edoxaban vs. Warfarin in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation Based on Results of the ENGAGE AF – TIMI 48 Trial: Taiwanese Perspective. Value Health Reg Issues. 2017 May;12:74-83.

Digoxin Use and Subsequent Clinical Outcomes in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation With or Without Heart Failure in the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 Trial. J Am Heart Assoc. 2017 Jun 30;6(7):e006035.

Impact of Spontaneous Extracranial Bleeding Events on Health State Utility in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation: Results from the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 Trial. J Am Heart Assoc. 2017 Aug 11;6(8):e006703.

The usefulness of the TIMI-AF score in the prediction of ischemic stroke and bleeding for Asian patients with atrial fibrillation. European Heart Journal, Volume 38, Issue suppl_1, August 2017, ehx504.P3605.

Edoxaban versus warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation in relation to stroke risk. A subanalysis of the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 study. European Heart Journal, Volume 38, Issue suppl_1, August 2017, ehx493.5719.

Efficacy and safety of edoxaban vs. warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation and hepatic disease: Insights from the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 trial. European Heart Journal, Volume 38, Issue suppl_1, August 2017, ehx504.P3586.

Drug Class, Renal Elimination, and Outcomes of Direct Oral Anticoagulants in Asian Patients: A Meta-Analysis. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2018 Apr;27(4):857-864.

Clinical events after interruption of anticoagulation in patients with atrial fibrillation: a subgroup analysis from ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 trial. Int J Cardiol. 2018 Apr 15;257:102-107.

Edoxaban Associated With Fewer Serious Adverse Events and Lower Mortality Than Warfarin, Regardless of Burden of Comorbidities: Insights From the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 Trial. Circulation. November 11, 2016; Vol 134, Issue suppl_1.

Efficacy and Safety of Oral Anticoagulation in 21105 Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Stratified by Diabetic Status in the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 Trial. Circulation. November 11, 2016; Vol 134, Issue suppl_1.

Gastrointestinal Bleeding With Edoxaban versus Warfarin: Results From the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 Trial. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2018 May;11(5):e003998.

Peri-operative Adverse Outcomes in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation Taking Warfarin or Edoxaban: Analysis of the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 Trial. Thromb Haemost. 2018 Jun;118(6):1001-1008.

High-Dose Edoxaban Regimen versus Warfarin in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation and Established Coronary Artery Disease: Insights From the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 Trial. Circulation. November 14, 2017; Vol 136, Issue suppl_1.

Edoxaban in atrial fibrillation patients with established coronary artery disease: Insights from ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48. Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care. 2019 Mar;8(2):176-185.

Efficacy And Safety Of Edoxaban In Patients With Atrial Fibrillation And Active Malignancy: An Analysis Of ENGAGE AF – TIMI 48 Randomized Clinical Trial. J Am Heart Assoc. 2018 Aug 21;7(16):e008987.

Edoxaban Versus Warfarin in Latin American Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: The ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 Trial. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2018 Sep 25;72(13):1466-1475.

The efficacy and safety of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants in patients with atrial fibrillation and coronary artery disease: A meta-analysis of randomized trials. Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care. 2019 Sep;8(6):554-561.

Linking endogenous factor X activity, a biologically relevant pharmacodynamic marker, to edoxaban plasma concentration and clinical outcomes in the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 trial. Circulation. 2018 Oct 30;138(18):1963-1973.

Edoxaban and implantable cardiac device interventions: insights from the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 triaEuropace. 2019 Feb 1;21(2):306-312.l. 

Performance of the ABC Scores for Assessing the Risk of Stroke or Systemic Embolism and Bleeding in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation in ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48. Circulation. 2019 Feb 5;139(6):760-771.

Efficacy and safety of reduced-dose non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants in patients with atrial fibrillation: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Eur Heart J. 2019 May 14;40(19):1492-1500.

Edoxaban Versus Warfarin in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation and History of Liver Disease. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2019 Jul 16;74(2):179-189.

Edoxaban Versus Warfarin Stratified by Average Blood Pressure in 19 679 Patients With Atrial Fibrillation and a History of Hypertension in the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 Trial. Hypertension. 2019 Sep;74(3):597-605.

Comparison of Events Across Definitions of Major Bleeding in the Engage AF-TIMI 48 Trial. Circulation. 2019 Nov 26;140(22):1792-1801.

Left atrial structure and function and the risk of death or heart failure in atrial fibrillation. Eur J Heart Fail. 2019 Dec;21(12):1571-1579.

Pharmacogenetic-guided and clinical warfarin dosing algorithm assessments with bleeding outcomes risk-stratified by genetic and covariate subgroups. Int J Cardiol. 2020 Oct 15;317:159-166.

Efficacy and safety of edoxaban in patients with diabetes mellitus in the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 trial. Int J Cardiol. 2020 Apr 1;304:185-191.

Efficacy and safety of edoxaban compared with warfarin according to the burden of diseases in patients with atrial fibrillation: insights from the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 trial. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Pharmacother. 2020 Jul 1;6(3):167-175.

Edoxaban versus Warfarin in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation at the Extremes of Body Weight: An Analysis from the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 Trial. Thromb Haemost. 2020 Sep 13. doi: 10.1055/s-0040-1716540.

Cardiovascular- and Bleeding-Related Hospitalization Rates With Edoxaban Versus Warfarin in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Based on Results of the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 Trial. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2020 Nov;13(11):e006511.

Individual Patient Data from the Pivotal Randomized Controlled Trials of Non-Vitamin K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulants in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation (COMBINE AF): Design and Rationale: From the COMBINE AF (A COllaboration between Multiple institutions to Better Investigate Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant usE in Atrial Fibrillation) Investigators. Am Heart J. 2020 Dec 6;233:48-58.

Intracranial hemorrhage in patients with atrial fibrillation receiving anticoagulation with warfarin or edoxaban: An in-depth analysis from the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 randomized trial. J Clin Neurosci. 2021 Jan 11;S0967-5868(20)31595-2.

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